- German National Socialist Party in Palestine Decreasing religious fervor and strong German nationalism made the Templers receptive to the Nazi ideology introduced by the Auslands Organisation der NSDAP (Organization of Nazis Abroad). A Templer in Haifa, Karl Ruff, became the first member and local leader of the Palestine National Socialist Party in January 1932. Fearing economic repercussions from the yishuv, few settlers joined the party formally; but sympathy for national socialism was widespread, particularly among the younger settlers. By 1934 the seven German colonies in Palestine were linked by a network of officials, and Nazi party activities penetrated all spheres of the community life. Dissension grew among the colonists after the Nazi Party failed in having one of its members elected to the post of president of the Temple Society in January 1935. Cornelius Schwarz, however, a National Socialist from Jaffa, became Landesgruppenleiter of the Nazi Party for Palestine in October 1935. Meanwhile local party pressure had secured the dismissal of Heinrich Wolff, the German consul-general in Jerusalem, whose more extreme successor, Walter Doehle, actively supported the local leaders. By September 1939, only about 350 Palestinian Germans were of the Nazi Party, but approximately half had joined the Deutsche Arbeitsfront (the German labor organization created by the Nazis) or similar organizations. By mid-1938 all full-time German teachers in Palestine were enrolled in the Lehrebund (German teachers' organization) which, along with the rest of the educational system and youth organizations, had been pervaded by National Socialism. Nazi agents distributed antisemitic literature (e.g., Hitler's Mein Kampf) in Arabic among the population of Palestine. Some of them actively aided the Arab revolt (1936–39). The younger generation especially identified itself with the aims of the Nazi Party in Germany, and 400 of them entered the German army, some as volunteers. From the outbreak of World War II the colonists were interned as enemies, and, as a result, the party was paralyzed; but they maintained their loyalty to Hitler till the end. (Ann Ussishkin) -Further Information The Templers who were deported from Palestine to Australia in 1943 by the British authorities joined the local community, which grew to some 1,350, mostly in Melbourne, Sydney, and Adelaide. In Germany they numbered some 800 with their center in Stuttgart, and continued to issue their periodical, which first appeared in 1845. The Australian group also produced a periodical. The Templers in Russia disappeared after the 1917 Revolution, while those in the U.S. joined the Unitarians. Some scores of the Templers who remained in Israel were deported in 1950, and the few permitted to remain are no longer associated with the sect. The number of Templers throughout the world has remained comparatively stable during the last decades at some 2,200, with a slight tendency to increase. They have never engaged in missionary activity. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: H. Kanaan, Ha-Gayis ha-Ḥamishi: Ha-Germanim be-Ereẓ Yisrael ba-Shanim 1933 – 1948 (1968); Ch. Hoffmann, Occident und Orient (1875, 19262); idem, Mein Weg nach Jerusalem, 2 vols. (1881–84); Ch. Rohrer, Die Tempelgesellschaft (1920); idem, Ist die Bibel die Quelle der Gotteserkenntnis? (1935); Schmidt, in: International Affairs, 28 (1952), 460–9; Erez, in: WLB, 17:2 (1963), 25 (includes bibliography); L. Hirszowicz, Third Reich and the Middle East (1966). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: P.P. Read, The Templars (1999).
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.
Look at other dictionaries:
Templers — Templers, the plural of Templer , describes more than one article* Templers, South Australia is a town in South Australia * Templers (religious believers) are members of the Temple Societyee also*Templer, an English surname … Wikipedia
Templers — 1) late 13th to end of 14th century decorative cauls of network or linen covering thick plaits of hair, generally artifically enlarged and arranged on each side of the head above the temples. Worn with a veil. 2) first half of 15th century… … Medieval glossary
Templers (religious believers) — Templers are members of the Temple Society ( de. Tempelgesellschaft). It is a name they use in referring to themselves and their religious denomination. The word Temple here is derived from the concept of the Christian Community as described in… … Wikipedia
Templers, South Australia — Templers (coord|34|28|S|138|44|E|region:AU SA type:city , postcode 5371, altitude 149 m) is a small town on Main North Road north of Gawler, South Australia. The town was named after William Templer who, with his wife Martha, was the licensee of… … Wikipedia
Templers Boutique Hotel — (Хайфа,Израиль) Категория отеля: 4 звездочный отель Адрес: 36 Ben Gurion Blvd.German … Каталог отелей
Instituts-Templers — desde el Paseo de Ronda Datos País … Wikipedia Español
German Colony, Haifa — The German Colony ( Hamoshava Hagermanit ) ( he. המושבה הגרמנית) was established in Haifa in 1868 by the German Templers. It was the first of several colonies established by the group in the Holy Land. Others were founded in Jaffa, Galilee and… … Wikipedia
Christoph Hoffmann — Gottlob Christoph Jonathan Hoffmann (December 2, 1815 December 8, 1885) was born in Leonberg in the Kingdom of Württemberg, Germany. His parents were Beate Baumann (1774 1852) and Gottieb Wilhelm Hoffmann (1771 1846), chairman of the Unitas… … Wikipedia
Haifa — For other uses, see Haifa (disambiguation). Haifa Hebrew transcription(s) – Hebrew חֵיפָה … Wikipedia
History of Haifa — The History of Haifa dates back to the 3rd century B.C. Since then it has been controlled by several civilizations, including the Canaanites, Israelites, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Crusaders, Kurds, the Mamluks, the Ottoman Turks and it is… … Wikipedia